Surgical site infections Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016

This report is based on data for 2016 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) on 20th of March 2018. TESSy is a system for the collection, analysis and dissemination of data on communicable diseases. European Union (EU) Member States and European Economic Area (EEA) countries contribute to the system by uploading their infectious disease surveillance data at regular intervals.

Key facts:

  • Surgical site infections (SSIs) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections (HAIs).
  • They are associated with longer post-operative hospital stays, additional surgical procedures, treatment in intensive care units and higher mortality.
  • In 2016, 14 EU Member States and Norway reported SSIs for seven types of surgical procedures to the European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC).
  • During this period, 10 304 SSIs were reported from a total of 630 551 surgical procedures.
  • The percentage of SSIs varied from 0.5% to 9.0%, depending on the type of surgical procedure.
  • The incidence density of in-hospital SSIs per 1 000 post-operative patient-days varied from 0.1 to 5.5, depending on the type of surgical procedure.
  • From 2013 to 2016, a significantly increasing trend was only observed for the yearly percentage of SSIs in laminectomy (LAM) operations. However, there was no significant trend in the incidence density of in-hospital SSIs.
  • For caesarean sections (CSEC) and knee prosthesis (KPRO) operations, a significantly decreasing trend for both the yearly percentage of SSIs and the incidence density of in-hospital SSIs was observed during 2013–2016.

https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/portal/files/documents/AER_for_2016-SSI.pdf