26 mars 2024

S. lugdunensis plus souvent en cause d’endocardite infectieuse

Bloodstream infection due to coagulase-negative staphylococci: impact of species on prevalence of infective endocarditis

Background. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are an important group of organisms that can cause bloodstream infection (BSI) and infective endocarditis (IE). The prevalence of IE in patients with BSI due to different CoNS species, however, has received limited attention. Methods. A retrospective study of adults with monomicrobial CoNS BSI who had undergone echocardiography and a risk factor analysis was done to determine the most common CoNS species that cause definite IE. Results. 247 patients with CoNS BSI were included in the investigation; 49 (19.8%) had definite IE, 124 (50.2%) possible IE, and 74 (30.0%) BSI only. The latter two entities were grouped in one category for further analysis. The most common species in CoNS BSI was Staphylococcus epidermidis (79.4%) and most patients (83.2%) had possible IE/BSI only. 59.1% of patients with BSI due to S. lugdunensis had definite IE. The majority of CoNS were healthcare-associated/nosocomial bacteremia. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that valve disease (p=0.002) and a foreign cardiovascular material (p<0.001) were risk factors associated with definite IE. Patients with S. lugdunensis BSI had an 8-fold higher risk of definite IE than did those with S. epidermidis BSI and nearly a 13-fold higher risk than did patients with BSI due to other species of CoNS (p=0.002). Conclusions. The prevalence of definite IE in patients with BSI due to different CoNS species was significant. CoNS bacteremia, particularly with S. lugdunensis, confers a significant risk of IE, particularly in patients with a valve disease or intravascular foreign body material and should not be immediately dismissed as a contaminant.

Haddad SF, Lahr BD, Patarroyo SS, et al. Antibiotics. 2023;12(9):1453. Doi : 10.3390/antibiotics12091453.